In today’s world, information technology has become the most important sector of any work department which is further dependant on a good network. Keeping this in mind it becomes imperative to design a network which has operational efficiency and is financially viable. Here are a few tips to a design the best network:
1.What’s the objective of the network.
The purpose of the network can vary from sharing information, to hosting applications, to voice or video calling. The right insight of the purpose can help us determine the type of hardware and software we need to implement the network.
2.Look at the complete picture.
Never just rely on the planning done in your head. The purpose of the network might look simple when you start but in practice, it is very complex. Always have a physical plan and work on the structural diagram.
3.The size of the network.
This will help you realise the number, and type, of hardware devices you need to cater to the entire network.
It states the amount of time a network must be available to the users over a given time. Hence, it is important to introduce enough redundancy and backup options in your network to avoid any down period and therefore loss to the organisation.
The main aspect of a network is the connection. Without connection, the devices are merely standalone devices that can not communicate with each other. We can have wired or wireless connections, and we need to ascertain the type of cabling, the range of wireless devices beforehand.
The security of a network is a major aspect. We have to make sure that we apply adequate security measures to save our network from malicious attacks and save the date over the network from getting compromised.
7.IP address and subnet planning.
Correct addressing plays a vital role in the transmission of traffic over the network. No one wants to deliver information to an unintended recipient so due diligence must be paid will assigning addresses to the devices.
The network we design today might not be well suited for its purpose in the future. There might be some reductions or new additions in the network with time. We should always keep scope for such changes.
While planning we should always be prepared for the worst. And the worst thing that can happen to a network is the failure of the network or a security breach. Though we plan backups and security beforehand, we should keep a disaster recovery plan ready.
Keeping the cost under control is important but it should not affect the quality of service offered to the users. So due importance must be given to the cost of equipment used and also to the operations and maintenance cost of the network.
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