Well, we have all heard about Active Directory or AD and we know what it is. But why is it so important? Many say that AD is mandatory in their work environment. Why is that so? Just refreshing the thought on what AD is. AD stores information about all the resources such as location of the resources and their management. Basically, without AD effective management of resources would be difficult.
Listed below are few advantages of using AD:
- Easier network management: With so many computers installed in a company it becomes a daunting task to manage each one of them individually. Also, when different users use them, we need to include the proper authority rights for usage. Using AD, we can split the different users into groups based on their work and assign the rights to the groups. This makes it very simple to allow and deny access for a particular set of users.
- Adaptable: using AD, one can modify the rules very easily based on changes and necessities. A particular user might be leaving the organisation or a senior person might need further privileges in the working environment. This access control can be modified as per the organisation policies and modified accordingly.
- Centralized: If you are working on an environment where there are different AD’s running on different servers, when you create a user on a particular AD, it automatically replicates the user into different Microsoft servers which are running in the same environment. This will help in easy access to all services with a single sign on system.
- Security: Security is the vital concern for all organisations and companies would not be ready to compromise security for any reason. AD is very secure and has encryption facilities which becomes very difficult for people to misuse the same.
- DNS integration: With AD, DNS integration becomes very easy and simple. Each computer’s IP can be resolved into its name and thus it becomes easy to relate a user with computer name.
Active Directory has different management tools which help in its effective management. It has features such as running different scripts for different tasks.
- Extensible: AD has the ability to add different features to the object and edit it as per the requirements of a business.
- Scalable: One can create as many users in an AD as required without worrying about the limitation for user creation.
- Troubleshooting: Troubleshooting issues become very easier with AD and also features like up gradation becomes a lot easier.
These are few features which makes AD so popular and important in work environments. Based on the group policies and the organisation policies, AD can be used as per the necessities of a business. AD covers most of the required features like Integration, Scalability, Extensibility and Adaptability while not compromising on Security and also making it easy to use.
One can’t imagine the management of hundreds of computers in a network and the access to them individually. A network administrator would be the person who is involved in managing the AD effectively as per the company policies and group policies.
All requests for any kind of change need to be done through proper approval, which ensures that AD is effectively managed. You need to have a proper workflow of the different process and procedures that need to be followed for all kinds of work that needs to be done through AD. For e.g. adding a new user comes with the same access given to the users working in the user’s team and also based on the user’s position. If these processes are well defined, it becomes easier to manage the AD.
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