If you have freshly graduated or are looking to change your existing career, and are considering the field of Software Testing, you are probably wondering where to start. You may also be feeling a bit of fear as well as some doubts. Firstly, remember that the longest of journeys begin with just one step.
A degree in Computer Science is what most employers in the field of Software Testing declare they are looking for. But even if you have no IT related education, you can still try to get this kind of job if you are motivated and have the skills and traits required for this profession, among which the main ones are:
- an analytical mind
- technical background and skills
- good communication skills
- high attention to detail
- a strong interest in finding defects in software that can then be corrected.
- If that sounds like you, the next thing to do is start learning the software testing basics.
The main points in Software Testing that you will need to understand before you can start your career.
- The different types of testing and levels of testing
- Main testing techniques
- Software development life cycle (SDLC)
- Software development methodologies (v-model and iterative-incremental models; agile methodologies in particular)
- Bug tracking systems and bug reports; the bug life cycle
- Requirements analysis and testing
- Test artifacts: test plan, test cases, checklist
The following skills and knowledge will also be of benefit:
- Domain knowledge
- Basic understanding of networks
- Knowledge of any programming language
- Any test automation skills
While you learn, you will come across several varied and confusing terms and definitions related to Software Testing. The best approach is to only use reliable sources. For example, use materials by one of the acknowledged institutions that provide Software Testing certifications – ISTQB. Using the terms and definitions found in the ISTQB Glossary and Syllabus will make sure that you learn and understand the more widely recognized systemized basics.
There are plenty of software testing courses available online. If you have already learned the software testing basics by yourself, you will be better able to evaluate the content and quality of the materials offered, before choosing the best one for you.
There are several books on Software Testing, but they are mostly aimed at giving a deeper understanding of specific areas, rather than teaching the basics. Practice your skills as much as you can and be creative. You can also take up some freelance work that will be an added benefit to your experience.
So, you are now prepared, and it is time to look for a real job. Compose or update your resume. Make sure to mention all the relevant experience If you are aware of relevant companies you could work for, make a list and send them your resume or CV. Some vacancies are filled before they are openings are published so it is worth making contact. Opportunities never end for software testers. You would never know what kind of project you will get to work on and what are its requirements. Many clients prefer to have their testers working on site to understand their needs practically and check if the software is compatible with their industrial environment. Software testers have fair chances of getting exposure. The course helps students to learn the below-listed concepts:
- Techniques of Effective Testing
- Testing Process
- Techniques of Test Design
- Test Design Management
- Test Techniques Selection Process
- Test Development
IT professionals, test designers, user acceptance testers, test engineers, test analysts, test managers, test consultants, and other professionals with similar roles can also benefit from this course. It will give you practical experience and knowledge of several fundamental software testing concepts.
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